1982-1998 of release
Repair and car operation
+ 1.1. The instrument panel and control means
+ 2. Maintenance service
- 3. Engines
3.2. Check of wires
+ 3.3. Ignition system
- 3.4. Engine major repairs
3.4.1. An engine electric equipment
3.4.2. The ignition distributor
+ 3.4.3. The generator
3.4.4. The battery
3.4.5. A starter
3.4.6. The traction relay of a starter
+ 3.4.8. Instructions on service and engine repair
3.4.9. Compression check in cylinders of engines
3.4.10. Specifications of engines
+ 3.4.11. Removal and engine installation
3.4.12. A cover of a head of the block of cylinders
+ 3.4.13. Platens and коромысла
3.4.14. The thermostat of system of cooling
3.4.15. An inlet collector
3.4.16. A final collector
3.4.17. An incorporated collector (a diesel engine with a turbo-supercharging)
3.4.20. A radiator
3.4.22. The fan
3.4.23. The pump of a cooling liquid
+ 3.4.24. A head of cylinders
3.4.25. Valves and springs
3.4.27. Replacement of directing plugs
+ 3.4.29. A gear belt and covers
3.4.30. A chain and a cover (the engine 2,6)
3.4.31. The oil pallet
3.4.32. The oil pump and sajlent-platens (виброгасители)
3.4.33. Cam-shafts and support
3.4.34. Check of a condition of a cam-shaft
+ 3.4.35. Pistons and rods
3.4.36. A back epiploon
3.4.37. Radical bearings
3.4.38. A flywheel
+ 3.4.39. An exhaust system
+ 3.5. Diesel and турбодизельный engines of 2,5 and 2,8 l
+ 4. Cooling system
+ 5. Greasing system
+ 6. The power supply system
+ 7. Release system
+ 8. Fuel system
+ 9. A running part
+ 10. A suspension bracket and a steering
+ 11. Brake system
+ 12. A body
+ 13. An electric equipment
+ 14. Electroschemes
Not so long ago there were those times when the car with турбокомпрессором was automatically enlisted in a rank of the most sports, the most charged and, certainly, the most expensive. The distance of the huge size is passed for last 15 years and today practically not to find the modern engine which does not have near to self similar unit.
In spite of the fact that details турбокомпрессора work at temperatures to 800 ° With and speeds in 50000–85000 turns in a minute, they are reliable enough. However and they wear out and grow old, and the first units of a turbo-supercharging (they became really mass 5-7 years ago) already fail and, sometimes, it is accompanied by serious consequences.
However, not always it is necessary to blame турбокомпрессор that the engine suddenly began to lose capacity. The banal collar which weakened and has flied from the pipeline, or the punched consolidation can become the reason for it.
More often, nevertheless, the reason of decrease in capacity of the power unit is faulty турбокомпрессор. It is not necessary to try to repair it, and here to replace it quite under force on the majority of widespread cars.
The most difficult – the "charged" sports models, especially what are equipped double турбонагнетателями. Standard work on their replacement at the dealer at this case is calculated at 12 o'clock. For models of such complexity it is recommended even not to think of repair in house conditions, and many of professionals refuse to undertake it if have no complete set of necessary tools and adaptations.
Nevertheless, it is not necessary to give in and in advance to surrender. On the majority of models replacement турбокомпрессора can be made independently. The motor compartments overflowed with units with the limited access to the engine will be the main problem. Sleight of hand and a S-shaped key will help here better any special tools.
As well as any work on repair, replacement турбокомпрессора demands concentration and methodicalness. Начинте that release access to units from pipelines, wires and other auxiliary knots. An empty seat it is required to you much, as it will be necessary to remove four (sometimes – three) nuts of a final collector, the reception pipe, three pipelines of giving and oil plum, and all pipelines of giving of air. Турбокомпрессоры with water cooling it is even more difficult because of additional details.
One of inevitable partners in life турбокомпрессора – high working temperatures. Thereof fastening nuts "are welded" on a final collector almost tightly and it is required to apply a significant amount of a preparation of type WD 40 before the beginning of work with them. After replacement of the main unit it is necessary to replace without fail nuts on new, made of stainless steel. If they are from a usual steel next time, possibly, to turn off them it will be practically impossible.
Hairpins can be turned on some turns at untwisting of nuts, or even to be turned out completely. Carefully check up, whether has occurred warps and carving damage. If the such has occurred – restore a carving and turn a hairpin into place against the stop.
Not all designs турбокомпрессоров provide a sealing lining in a junction with a final collector. Therefore be not surprised, if you have found it at dismantle of this unit on your car. If the lining all the same was, necessarily establish new at the subsequent assemblage.
Having removed турбокомпрессор, check up all released маслопроводы. For this purpose ask to include someone a starter (having removed high-voltage wires from the engine to exclude possibility of its start-up), and be convinced that oil moves freely. Having established new турбокомпрессор, do this procedure once again that oil has arrived to its bearings prior to the beginning of the "present" work. Bearings турбокомпрессора without oil – even for a second this worst, that he can test in the life!