1982-1998 of release
Repair and car operation
+ 1.1. The instrument panel and control means
+ 2. Maintenance service
- 3. Engines
3.2. Check of wires
+ 3.3. Ignition system
- 3.4. Engine major repairs
3.4.1. An engine electric equipment
3.4.2. The ignition distributor
+ 3.4.3. The generator
3.4.4. The battery
3.4.5. A starter
3.4.6. The traction relay of a starter
+ 3.4.8. Instructions on service and engine repair
3.4.9. Compression check in cylinders of engines
3.4.10. Specifications of engines
+ 3.4.11. Removal and engine installation
3.4.12. A cover of a head of the block of cylinders
+ 3.4.13. Platens and коромысла
3.4.14. The thermostat of system of cooling
3.4.15. An inlet collector
3.4.16. A final collector
3.4.17. An incorporated collector (a diesel engine with a turbo-supercharging)
3.4.20. A radiator
3.4.22. The fan
3.4.23. The pump of a cooling liquid
+ 3.4.24. A head of cylinders
3.4.25. Valves and springs
3.4.27. Replacement of directing plugs
+ 3.4.29. A gear belt and covers
3.4.30. A chain and a cover (the engine 2,6)
3.4.31. The oil pallet
3.4.32. The oil pump and sajlent-platens (виброгасители)
3.4.33. Cam-shafts and support
3.4.34. Check of a condition of a cam-shaft
+ 3.4.35. Pistons and rods
3.4.36. A back epiploon
3.4.37. Radical bearings
3.4.38. A flywheel
+ 3.4.39. An exhaust system
+ 3.5. Diesel and турбодизельный engines of 2,5 and 2,8 l
+ 4. Cooling system
+ 5. Greasing system
+ 6. The power supply system
+ 7. Release system
+ 8. Fuel system
+ 9. A running part
+ 10. A suspension bracket and a steering
+ 11. Brake system
+ 12. A body
+ 13. An electric equipment
+ 14. Electroschemes
It is not always easy to come to conclusion about expediency of full major repairs of the engine as it is necessary to be based on variety of objective indicators.
The big run is not a sufficient indicator of necessity of carrying out of major repairs, on the other hand, small run does not exclude necessity of carrying out of major repairs.
The raised expense of oil specifies in deterioration of the piston rings, directing plugs of valves and маслосъемных caps. It is necessary to be convinced, that leaks are not the reason of the raised expense of oil, and only after that to do a conclusion about unfitness of piston rings and directing plugs of valves. To define a probable cause of defect, measure a compression in engine cylinders.
For scoping of forthcoming works check up a compression in engine cylinders. Conduct also tests with the help вакууметра and define character of indications of this device.
Check up pressure of oil a manometre screwed to the place of the gauge of pressure of oil and compare result of check to standard value. If pressure of oil low deterioration radical and шатунных bearings or details of the oil pump can be the reason.
Capacity loss, "failures" in engine work, a detonation or the metal knocks, the raised noise from газораспределительного the mechanism, specify the raised expense of fuel in necessity of carrying out of major repairs, especially, if all these signs of abnormal work are shown simultaneously. If performance of all adjustments does not lead to improvement unique means of elimination of abnormal work of the engine are major repairs.
Before the beginning of major repairs of the engine familiarise with the description of corresponding procedures that there was an impression of forthcoming amount of works and requirements to them.
At observance of all norms and rules, in the presence of all necessary tools and adaptations, major repairs to execute simply, considerable expenses of time however be required. Roughly it is required not less than two weeks, especially if for repair and restoration of details it is necessary to address in a specialised workshop.
Check up presence of spare parts and in advance take care of acquisition of necessary special tools and the equipment.
As the condition of the block of cylinders is the defining factor of decision-making on its further repair or about purchase new (or repair) the block of cylinders to buy spare parts or to carry out operations on machining of accompanying details follows only after careful check of its technical condition. Make it a rule, that the true price of repair is time, – then it is not necessary to pay for installation of the worn out or restored details.
In summary we will notice, that assemblage of any units should be carried out with all carefulness in a pure premise to avoid the further refusals of the repaired engine and to provide its reliable work.